Pollinators play an irreplaceable role in ensuring food security and maintaining ecosystem stability. Worldwide, 87.5% of angiosperms, more than 70% of crops, and more than 35% of food production depend on animal pollination, primarily by insects (1–3). However, pollinator populations and diversity are declining across the globe (4). The situation is particularly dire in China, where the distribution areas of the two most important indicator species, Apis cerana Fabricius and Bombus chinensis, are rapidly decreasing (5–8). If China does not take steps to address the threats to pollinators, their decline could lead to systemic ecological risks and food shortages.